Gender

Chair: Madeleine WAYACK-PAMBE, Higher Institute of Population Sciences / Ouaga University 1 Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO, Burkina Faso
Co-chair: Laure MOGUEROU, University Paris 10-Nanterre, France

The influence of gender relations on demographic and social behavior is regularly emphasized in scientific research. But while major changes are disrupting African societies – massification of education, urbanization, feminization of employment – their impact on gender relations and their recomposition remains little studied. This panel aims to be a fertile frame of reflection on this question.

The increased access of women to schooling, particularly higher, to employment income, is part of the process of their empowerment by changing their marital and family trajectories. Demographic studies on marriage in Africa show that the transformation of conjugal patterns is particularly accentuated in the urbanized intellectual elite and is reflected in particular by an increase in women’s age at marriage, a decrease in the age gap between spouses, a decline in arranged marriages, and a reduction in fertility (Hertrich, 2007). But beyond these few indicators, there are still few measures and research on the evolution of gender relations within households or couples. What about, for example, women’s decision-making, the sharing of tasks and expenses, domestic violence, gendered socialization? Particular attention will be paid here to redefinitions of femininity and masculinity, to assigned gender roles, as well as to changes in the relationships of the father-daughter, spouse-spouse dyads. It will also be necessary to study very specifically how education and employment of women transform intra-familial gender relations.

To do this, two areas of work will be favored:
1. Measuring gender relations: What variables and indicators exist in current socio-demographic surveys? What new indicators should be created?
2. Analysis of cryptic links: schooling – employment of women – transformation of gender relations. While the influence of gender norms on girls ‘schooling is relatively well documented in a variety of contexts, how less girls know about girls’ education and women’s employment patterns is changing. Do education and employment enable women’s empowerment and organization in all circumstances and in all contexts? On which aspects and by which mechanisms?

Since gender inequalities are a hindrance to development, it is crucial: a) to measure these gender relations, including in the private sphere, indicators that are generally related to the public sphere, such as access to various resources, parity politics etc. ; (b) to report on the links between the public and private spheres; (c) to uncover the mechanisms that allow or hinder gender equality.

In summary, this panel aims to make an empirical and theoretical contribution, through the publication of original works, on the links between gender relations, social transformations and demographic behaviors.

The activities envisaged for the panel are:
The finalization of the panel organization: identification by the President and Vice President of four experts in the field of research on gender issues from different regions of Africa for final discussion with the UEPA Council.
Organization of a secondary analysis workshop for existing data and identification of indicators for which additional data should be collected.

Objectives of the workshop:
Development of a mapping of the measurement of gender relations in Africa.
Identification of new lines of research leading to the collection of additional data.
Initiation of comparative research projects in different countries. The data allowing these comparative analyzes will be made available to students. The aim is to build capacity in scientific production on gender relations and their measurement in sub-Saharan Africa.

Participants: Panel members and 2 or 3 other recognized experts on research in gender reporting issues.

Financing of the workshop: the panel members will define a fundraising strategy for donors such as AUF, AfDB, CODESRIA.
Organization of a session at the 2019 UEPA Congress on the relationship between education, women’s employment and gender relations.
Edition of a special issue in APS magazine in English and French, with a focus on young researchers.

Provisional timetable of the activities of the panel

Activities 2017 2018       2019
  Q3 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1
Activity 1
Identification of the panel members
X          
Activity 2
Organization of a workshop on the creation of indicators for measuring intrafamilial gender relations based on secondary analyzes of household survey data
    X      
Activity 3
Organization of a session at the 8th UEPA congress
           
Activity 4
Edition of a special issue in the journal APS on the links between gender relations, social transformations and demographic behavior
          X